The legendary German conductor leads the Radio Symphony Orchestra and the Radio Choir in the evening’s concert
THE SWEDISH RADIO SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA
Festival finale with the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra
THE SWEDISH RADIO CHOIR
Meet the Swedish Radio Choir in Handel’s powerful oratorio
CAMILLA TILLING, soprano
KRISTINA HAMMARSTRÖM, mezzo soprano
ANDREW STAPLES, tenor
MATTHEW ROSE, bass
Handel´s Messiah / The Book of the Sea
TODAY’S TALK FROM RIGA
Read more about our collaboration partners
BALTIC SEA STUDIO
Malin Jacobson Båth leads today’s broadcast
HANDEL’S MESSIAH / THE BOOK OF THE SEA
Saturday, September 18. Handel’s oratorio Messiah, crowned by the famous Hallelujah Choir – a magnificent finale where the joy of resurrection also frames this year’s festival theme: rebirth. Conductor Reinhard Goebel leads the Swedish Radio Choir, the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra, and four world soloists; soprano Camilla Tilling, mezzo soprano Kristina Hammarström, tenor Andrew Staples and baritone Matthew Rose. In today’s talk, we meet Raimonds Tiguls and Nora Ikstena, two of Latvia’s most influential cultural figures, who wrote oratorio The Book of the Sea together. The talk is broadcast from the National Library in Riga, led by moderator Fredrik Wadström. All festival talks are shown on screen in Berwaldhallen and can also be experienced on Berwaldhallen Play.
BALTIC SEA STUDIO SEP 18 - DIGITAL BROADCAST
Tonight’s guests in the Baltic Sea studio are Berwaldhallen´s General Manager Staffan Becker, Head of Artistic planning Christian Thompson, sound artist Åsa Stjerna and musicians. Today’s host is Malin Jacobson-Båth. The broadcast is in English and starts at 17.45 CET.
THE BOOK OF THE SEABerwaldhallen
What responsibility do we have when it comes to preserving the sea for future generations? In today’s talk from the National Library in Riga, we meet composer Raimonds Tiguls and author Nora Ikstena, who talk about their work The Book of the Sea, led by moderator Fredrik Wadström. The Book of the Sea is a contemporary oratorio with influences from both pop and film music, as well as contemporary composers. The piece also creates a dialogue with Latvian history, and refers to the tens of thousands of refugees who fled to Sweden across the Baltic Sea during the Second World War. Nora Ikstena and Raimonds Tiguls are two of Latvia’s most influential cultural figures, and have created a number of works together. Their collaborations also have a symbolic connection to the Baltic Sea, as they got to know each other during a stay at the Baltic Centre for Writers and Translators in Visby. The Book of the Sea premiered in Ventspils in 2019. During the 2021 Baltic Sea Festival, from the 9th to the 18th of September, the filmed concert The Book of the Sea is available on balticseafestival.com.
Raimonds Tiguls, composer, musician and producer
Raimonds Tiguls (LV) is a Latvian composer, musician, and record producer, internationally celebrated for his works in ambient and electronic music. He has composed a number of works for theatre and film and has often been inspired by the cultural heritage of the area of Livonia, a historical region by the Latvian coast, dating back to the 11th century. He is the founder and Artistic Director of the World Music Festival on Tiguļi Hill in Talsi, Latvia.
Nora Ikstena, author
Nora Ikstena (LV) is one of Latvia’s most celebrated authors. She has been awarded many international literature prizes, such as the Baltic Assembly Award, and the Three Star Order of Latvia. In the spring of 2020, her latest bestseller Soviet Milk (Modersmjölken) was published in Swedish by publishing house Tranan. Soviet Milk was named Latvia’s best novel in 2015. Ikstena’s breakthrough came in 1993 with a biography about Anna Rūmane Ķeniņa – one of Latvia’s first feminist thinkers.
Fredrik Wadström: moderator, Swedish Radio
Fredrik Wadström (SE) is a journalist at Swedish Radio’s culture department. For more than 25 years, he has worked with Russia and the former Soviet Union as his specialist area, and he was radio’s Moscow correspondent from 2008 to 2011.
Length: 45 minutes
All talks in English
Georg Friedrich Handel’s oratorio Messiah, crowned by the famous Hallelujah Choir – a magnificent finale in which the joy of resurrection also frames this year’s festival theme, rebirth. Conductor Reinhard Goebel leads the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra, the Swedish Radio Choir, and soloists.Read more
The Messiah oratorio is probably to be considered Georg Friedrich Handel’s best-known work, especially outside of England. Messiah is likely one of the world’s most famous and performed oratorios; a brilliant setting of texts from the Old and New Testaments to music, by one of the truly great masters of the baroque era.
Messiah had a triumphant premiere in Dublin in 1742. When it was first performed in London in 1745, the reception was decidedly cooler, which meant that only three concerts of the planned six took place. But when the piece was performed again, having been on ice for four years, it gained ground once more. The year thereafter saw the beginning of the annual Messiah charity concerts, which continued even after Handel’s death. In 1755, Handel’s poor eyesight stopped him from leading the performances, and the baton was handed over to one of the composer’s students. Fate wanted the Messiah concert in London, 1759, to be the final concert Handel attended, eight days before he died.
Handel reworked Messiah a number of times, sometimes to adapt the piece for the various soloists that were at his disposal at the time. Others, such as Mozart, have also reworked the oratorio. Several versions, modified for the tastes of the time, were created in the 1800s, sometimes leading to monumental performances with up to 800 performers. These days, as is the case here, a more ‘Handel-faithful’ version is often performed. A complete Messiah with 68 movements and a concert length of two and a half hours is a rare occurrence.
In the 1750s, Messiah went into the world to convert new concert audiences. The piece spread from England to the European continent and the US. The oratorio, or parts of it, started being performed at concerts, festivals and religious services, and this has continued ever since. A strong tradition of performing Messiah at Christmas – if not the whole oratorio, then at least the now iconic Hallelujah chorus – has also developed.
The Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra
The Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra is known worldwide as one of Europe’s most versatile orchestras with an exciting and varied repertoire and a constant striving to break new ground. The orchestra’s high-quality music making as well as its collaborations with internationally renowned composers, conductors and soloists have been rewarded with numerous prizes and accolades.
Permanent home of the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra since 1979 is Berwaldhallen, the Swedish Radio’s concert hall. In addition to the seated audience, the orchestra reaches millions of listeners on the radio and the web through Klassiska konserten i P2. Several concerts are also broadcast and streamed on Berwaldhallen Play and in Swedish Television, offering the audience more opportunities to come as close as possible to one of the world’s top orchestras.
“The orchestra has a unique combination of humility, sensibility and musical imagination”, says Daniel Harding, Music Director of the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra since 2007. “I have never had a concert with the orchestra where they haven’t played as though their lives depended on it!” The orchestra is also proud to have Klaus Mäkelä as its Principal Guest Conductor since 2018.
The first radio orchestra was founded in 1925, the same year that the Swedish Radio Service began its broadcasts. The Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra received its current name in 1967. Through the years, the orchestra has had several distinguished Music Directors. Two of them, Herbert Blomstedt and Esa-Pekka Salonen, have since been appointed Conductors Laureate, as well as Valery Gergiev, a regular guest conductor and co-founder of the Baltic Sea Festival.
The Swedish Radio Choir
For more than 90 years, the Swedish Radio Choir has contributed to the development of the Swedish a cappella tradition. Under the leadership of legendary conductor Eric Ericson, the choir earned great international renown. It is still hailed as one of the best choirs in the world. The choir members’ ability to switch between powerful solo performances and seamlessly integrating themselves in the ensemble creates a unique and dynamic instrument praised by critics and music lovers alike, as well as by the many guest conductors who explore and challenge the choir’s possibilities.
Permanent home of the Swedish Radio Choir since 1979 is Berwaldhallen, the Swedish Radio’s concert hall. In addition to the seated audience, the choir reaches millions of listeners on the radio and the web through Klassiska konserten i P2. Several concerts are also broadcast and streamed on Berwaldhallen Play, offering the audience more opportunities to come as close as possible to one of the world’s top choirs.
With the 2020–2021 season, Kaspars Putniņš begins his tenure as the tenth Music Director of the Swedish Radio Choir. Since January 2019, Marc Korovitch is the choirmaster of the Swedish Radio Choir with responsibility for the ensemble’s continued artistic development. Two of the orchestra’s former Music Directors, Tõnu Kaljuste and Peter Dijkstra, were appointed Conductors Laureate in November 2019. Both maintain a close relationship with the choir and make regular guest appearances.
The Swedish Radio Choir was founded the same year as the Swedish Radio Service began its broadcasts and the choir had its first concert in May 1925. Right from the start, the choir had high ambitions with a conscious aim to perform contemporary music.
Reinhard Goebel, conductor
Reinhard Goebel works across the world, and specialises in a repertoire from the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. During the 20/21 season, he explores lesser-known Beethoven works through his extensive project Beethoven’s World. One result of the project is a recording of five albums with Germany’s leading radio orchestras, where seven of the works are recorded for the first time ever. In May of 2018, Goebel was named Artistic Director of the Berlin Baroque Soloists, a baroque ensemble with members from the Berlin Philharmonic. In 2019, the ensemble was awarded an Opus Klassik, one of Germany’s most prestigious awards, for its recording of Bach’s Brandenburg Concertos.
During the 21/22 season, Goebel will visit the radio orchestras in Cologne and Saarbrücken, the Konzerthausorchester Berlin, the New Leipzig Bach Collegium Musicum, the Tapiola Sinfonietta, the Slovenian Philharmonic Orchestra, and the Dalasinfoniettan, for instance. Goebel founded the legendary Cologne Musica Antiqua, which he led for 33 years. Over the past few years, he has received the Bach Medal, an Independent Music Award, and been listed as one of musical history’s 20 best violinists by the BBC Music Magazine.
Julia Kretz-Larsson, concertmaster
Julia Kretz-Larsson, violin, has studied with Marianne Boettcher and Thomas Brandis in Berlin and with Josef Suk in Prague. With the Julius Stern Piano Trio, she has won various awards at international competitions. She is a member of the chamber music ensemble Spectrum Concerts Berlin, which has its own concert series in the Berliner Philharmonie Kammermusiksaal and with which she also played in halls such as Carnegie Hall in New York and Concertgebouw Amsterdam. In 2006, Julia Kretz-Larsson became a member of the Lucerne Festival Orchestra, led by Claudio Abbado, and since 2008 she has been a member of the Mahler Chamber Orchestra, from 2011 as conductor. Julia has been the alternate first concertmaster in the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra since 2015 and is a teacher at the Royal Academy of Music in Stockholm.Julia has regularly played chamber music concerts with several international artists and has performed at festivals such as the Salzburger Festspiele, the International Chamber Music Festival Utrecht, Julian Rachlin and Friends, Schubertiade, the Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival and the Winter Festival. She has recorded chamber music for, among others, BIS, NAXOS, dB Productions, Harmonia Mundi and has won the music award ” Grammis” for the recording with music by Amanda Maier.
Camilla Tilling, soprano
Swedish soprano Camilla Tilling has been performing on the world’s leading opera, concert and recital stages for over two decades. Early operatic roles such as Sophie in Der Rosenkavalier, Pamina in Die Zauberflöte, Ilia in Idomeneo, Susanna in Le nozze di Figaro and Zerlina in Don Giovanni took Tilling to the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, San Francisco Opera, Bayerische Staatsoper, Opéra national de Paris, Lyric Opera of Chicago, Teatro alla Scala and The Metropolitan Opera. Later roles included the Governess in The Turn of the Screw, Euridice in Orfeo ed Euridice, Donna Clara in Der Zwerg, Gretel in Hänsel und Gretel, l’Ange in Saint François d’Assise, Blanche de la Force in Dialogues des Carmélites and Contessa in Le nozze di Figaro and Mélisande in Pelléas et Mélisande.
Recent concert highlights include as a soloist in Bernard Haitink’s historic final appearance with the Radio Filharmonish Orkest at Amsterdam’s Concertgebouw, Brahms’ Requiem with the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra and Mirga Gražinytė Tyla, Dutilleux’s Correspondances with the Los Angeles Philharmonic and Esa-Pekka Salonen, Mahler’s Symphony No.4 with Orchestre de Paris and Thomas Hengelbrock, Berg’s Sieben frühe Lieder with both the Sydney Symphony Orchestra/Christoph von Dohnányi and the London Symphony Orchestra/François-Xavier Roth, and she’s toured extensively in Peter Sellar’s stagings of Bach’s St Matthew Passion and St John Passion with the Berliner Philharmoniker and Sir Simon Rattle. Highlights in the 20/21 season include Brahms’ Requiem with Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France, a programme of Mahler and Strauss with the Philharmonie Zuidnederland and Mahler’s Symphony No.4 with the Concertgebouworkest.
Kristina Hammarström, Mezzosoprano
The Swedish mezzo-soprano Kristina Hammarström is a much sought-after concert and opera singer and she regularly appears in opera houses, concert halls and festivals throughout Europe and Asia. Assignments in 2019/2020 included Caino in Scarlatti’s Il primo Omicidio at Staatsoper Unter den Linden Berlin, Opéra National de Paris and Concertgebouw. She also sang Bradamante in Handel’s Alcina at the Salzburg Festival, Bach’s St Matthew Passion with the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra and did concerts in Copenhagen with music by Wilhelmine of Prussia and Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
Hammarström’s operatic repertoire includes an impressive number of roles in baroque operas as well as Charlotte in Massenet’s Werther, Octavian in Strauss’ Der Rosenkavalier, Arsace in Rossini’s Semiramide, Rosina in Il Barbiere di Siviglia, Marguerite in Berlioz’ La damnation de Faust, Cherubino in Mozart’s Nozze di Figaro – a role in which she made her Paris Opera debut – Cecilio in Lucio Silla, the title role in Ascanio in Alba and Idamante in Idomeneo, just to mention a few. Her concert repertoire includes pieces as Mahler’s Kindertotenlieder, Rückertlieder, Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen, Des Knaben Wunderhorn and Das Lied von der Erde, Bernstein’s Symphony No. 1, Beethoven’s Missa Solemnis and Symphony No. 9, Schumann’s Das Paradies und die Peri, as well as a large number of masses and oratorios.
Andrew Staples, tenor
Andrew Staples is an acclaimed and versatile singer who sings regularly with conductors such as Simon Rattle, Daniel Harding and Yannick Nézet-Séguin and orchestras including the Berliner Philharmoniekr, Rotterdam Philharmonic, London Symphony Orchestra and Wiener Philharmoniker. He has made several lauded performances in Berwaldhallen, including Bach’s St Matthew Passion with Alan Gilbert during the Baltic Sea Festival 2019 and Elgar’s The Dream of Gerontius conducted by Daniel Harding the same autumn. In opera, he is a regular guest at the Royal Opera House in London where he has sung Tamino in Die Zauberflöte, Flammand in Capriccio, Narraboth in Salome and Artabanes in Artaxerxes.
In December 2019, Staples made a strong debut at the Metropolitan Opera as Andres in Berg’s Wozzeck. A month later he was praised once again, when he on short notice was summoned for Mahler’s Das Lied von der Erde with Gustavo Dudamel and the New York Philharmonic. He has recorded several large works such as John Adams’ Doctor Atomic, Edward Elgar’s The Dream of Gerontius and Bohuslav Martinů’s The Epic of Gilgamesh. Staples is also a multifaceted director, from staging classics like Così fan tutte and La bohème in London to Handel’s Dido and Aeneas in a dance club with Kiez Oper in Berlin, as well as a production for the Choir of London interweaving Britten’s classic Hymn to St Cecilia with depositions from Palestinian detainees. In the winter of 2021 Staples made the film Siegfried Idyll in collaboration with the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra and Daniel Harding.
Matthew Rose, bass
Matthew Rose studied at the Curtis Institute of Music before becoming a member of the Young Artist Programme at Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. In 2006 he made an acclaimed debut at the Glyndebourne Festival Opera as Bottom in Brittens A Midsummer Night’s Dream, for which he received the John Christie Award, and he has since performed at opera houses throughout the world. He has sung under the baton of Sir Colin Davis, Gustavo Dudamel, Sir Andrew Davis, Vladimir Jurowski, Sir Charles Mackerras, Yannick Nézet-Seguin and Antonio Pappano and is already a critically acclaimed recording artist, winning a Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording for Ratcliffe/Billy Budd. Other recordings include Winterreise with pianist Gary Matthewman and Schwanengesang with Malcolm Martineau (Stone Records).
Highlights of the 2020/21 season include Pulcinella with Vladimir Jurowski and the London Philharmonic Orchestra, Beethoven 9 with the Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France and Vasily Petrenko and The Creation with Louis Langrée and Cincinnati Symphony. On the operatic stage Matthew sings Gremin in Eugene Onegin at Garsington Opera.
Marc Korovitch, Choirmaster
Chief conductor of the Jeune Choeur de Paris, he started a collaboration with the SWR Vokalensemble Stuttgart in 2013 (including a recording of Ravel’s Daphnis et Chloé), and also works regularly with the Chœur de Radio-France and the Choeur Accentus since 2014, for tours, radio performances, recordings, preparations and A Cappella concerts. He collaborates with many personalities, such as Sir Simon Rattle, Gustavo Dudamel, Daniele Gatti, Louis Langrée, Stéphane Denève, Daniel Harding, Laurence Equilbey, L. G. Alarcon… He has also conducted the WDR Rundfunkchor in 2016. In July 2016, he has prepared both the SWR Vokalensemble Stuttgart and the NDR Chor for Berlioz’s Romeo et Juliette. In 2017, he has participate to the opening of the Seine Musical conducting the choir accentus and in 2018, he starts a collaboration with the Croatian Radio Choir. Korovitch works for many festivals: the Mozartwoche in Salzburg, Recontres Musicales d’Evian, the Festival de Radio-France in Montpellier or the festival Mozart in New York.
GEORG FRIEDRICH HANDEL: Messiah
When Georg Friedrich Handel created Messiah, he had lived in London for almost 30 years, and his Italian operas, for instance, had brought him great success. But as interest in the genre waned, and intrigue between the London theatres increased, he eventually gave up, and introduced the English oratorio, a type of work that would grant him just as much success. Messiah is, in terms of its structure, not completely unlike an opera with its introductory Sinfonie, ‘overture’, and its three parts, like acts. But there are no sung roles – the piece is more of a comment on Jesus’ birth, life, death and resurrection, than a dramatization of Jesus’ life.
It took just over three weeks for Handel to compose the music for Messiah. Even though he borrowed from himself – which was praxis at the time – and reused many movements from previous compositions, writing such an extensive work in so short a time is impressive. Librettist Charles Jennens disagreed, however, feeling that it was careless and lazy not to put more time into setting his compiled text to music. Jennens had long supported Handel financially, and written librettos to many of his oratorios, and with time, a friendship had grown between the two, which now hit a big bump. The relationship did not exactly become less strained when Handel decided to do the original performance of Messiah in Dublin rather than in London, having been invited by the Viceroy of Ireland to arrange a series of charity concerts.
In April 1742, Messiah was performed for an audience that witnessed a tremendously successful premiere.
Concert length: 2 hours 30 minutes (incl. intermissions, 20 minuts and 10 minuts)